The Gums :
The teeth remain embedded in jawbone which is covered from outside by gums. Healthy gums are coral pink in colour. They remain firmly attached to the underlying bone. Healthy gum can be identified by thin margins firmly adapting over the respective tooth and it does not bleed easily.
Gum Diseases :
Gum problems can be divided into two stages:
As mentioned earlier, normal gums are coral pink in colour with the edges firmly attached around the tooth, and does not bleed on normal brushing. The earliest sign of gum inflammation is bleeding from the margins of gums during brushing, without any pain. The margins of gums appear red. If proper brushing is not done, the disease may progress deep inside the gums. They may swell, become soft and bleed even on slightest touch, The bleeding may even occur spontaneously. Even at this late stage, the condition maybe painless. This condition is known is Gingivitis.
If not treated, the disease may progress to involve the surrounding bone, leading to pocket formation around the tooth. Now the disease is called periodontitis or pyorrhea. At this stage, the patient may complain of bleeding, itching sensation and dull constant ache in gums, increased hot and cold sensitivity, food impaction, and even loose teeth. There may be bad odour from the mouth, migration of teeth and exposed root surfaces. Some people may have the urge to dig deep in between the teeth to get relief from the dull ache. All these symptoms suggest that quick attention and professional help is required. If the disease is not treated, ultimately it may result in loss of teeth one after the other. Periodontal disease is the most important cause of tooth loss in our country.
Causes of Gums and Periodontal Diseases :
The gum diseases are also caused by plaque accumulation. The bacteria present in plaque form toxic substances that may cause inflammation of gums. If plaque is not removed regularly, it may harden to form calculus (tartar). This tartar with its rough surface, attracts further deposition of plaque and bacteria, sustaining the inflammation and destruction of supporting bone.
What does your dentist do when you have Tartar ?
The dentist cleans the hard deposits on your tooth with the help of special instruments. This procedure is called as scaling of tooth.
What will happen if Gum Diseases are not treated in time ?
If the gum diseases are not treated in time, the infection from the gums can spread to involve the underlying bone and may cause loosening or migration of the tooth. The involved tooth/teeth may eventually be lost. Sometimes the infection may cause pus formation that can involve adjoining tissues and may cause swelling, pus discharge, bone infection etc. Chronic gum diseases where pus oozes out of the gum margins (pyorrhea) can affect the general health of a person. Recent scientific studies have shown that the gum infections are associated with heart and lung diseases. In pregnant women, it can lead to low birth weight babies and pre-term labour. Therefore, it is very important that gum diseases are prevented and treated early
This method is most important in plaque control. The mechanical method means use of toothpaste and brush or any other indigenous method such as datun etc. Proper cleaning of teeth is very important by any form i.e. it may be toothpaste and brush or datun etc.
Teeth should be cleaned in such a way that upper teeth are cleaned in downward motion and lower teeth in upward motion, both from outside and inside. On chewing surfaces, circular motion of brushing helps to clean the pits and fissures. The key is to take care to clean all the surfaces of all the teeth in both the jaws.
The other aids of mechanical cleaning of teeth include dental floss, inter-dental brushes, rubber tips and tooth piks, water pik etc. They help to clean those areas in between the teeth that are normally not accessible during normal tooth brushing. They are specially indicated for crowding and abnormal spacing between the teeth.
Chemical Method :
There are certain chemicals such as chlorhexidine and fluoride that help in reducing bacterial population of plaque. They are available as mouth rinses. They should be only used on advice of the doctor for limited periods.
Hygienist – Get Rid Of Bad Breath :
A beautiful smile is based upon healthy teeth and gums and indeed it would be unwise to spend money on expensive treatments if underlying gum diseases is not first dealt with by our hygiene team.
The spread of gum disease can be rapidly halted by a gentle visit to one of our highly skilled hygienists who carefully cleans both teeth and gums. Our hygienists also take time to ensure that you are fully instructed in the care of your own mouth by teaching you an effective daily cleaning routine.
There are many patients who are blessed with a naturally beautiful mouth. These fortunate people require nothing more than a regular visit to the hygienist to ensure a beautiful and healthy smile for life.
Bad Breath :
Bad breath or halitosis can be a curse. But we now know that ninety percent of bad breath is caused by problems in the teeth and by gum disease. It is the bacteria that live on teeth, the gums and the tongue producing sulphur compounds that cause bad breath. This means that by restoring the mouth to perfect health and cleanliness and with proper instruction about regular mouth hygiene, most cases of halitosis can be completely cured.
Any residual traces of contamination can be removed by the use of our specialised range of toothpastes and mouthwashes.
Bad breath can be caused by wearing removable dentures, by faulty fillings and by crowded teeth. In fact any area in the mouth that is difficult to reach and therefore does not get properly cleaned will be harbouring halitosis causing organisms. By treating these conditions appropriately we almost always succeed in solving the problem.